Study on governance model of multi-subject participation in rural industry development -- A case study of Shanghai rural revitalization model village


  • Yanxia Mu TongJi University
  • Feng Luan Tongji University
  • Jiahui Fan Tongji University, EPFL


Shanghai, Rural revitalization model villages, Rural industry development, Governance model, Strategic suggestions




In the process of rapid industrialization and urbanization, the problem of rural decline has become a global trend. In response to this trend, China's central government put forward the rural revitalization strategy in 2017. Industrial prosperity is the core of the rural revitalization strategy. Shanghai is the most economically developed city in China, but its rural areas also have problems such as aging, hollowing out and widening economic gap between urban and rural areas. Since 2018, the Shanghai municipal government has created 112 model villages for rural revitalization as the pilot projects, introducing the city's capital, talent, management, technology and other elements to them, with the core goal of exploring the demonstration model of rural industrial prosperity. This process has formed a governance pattern in which multiple subjects such as governments, enterprises, village collectives, villagers, and social organizations jointly participate in the development of rural industries. Clarifying the essential process logic of the common participation of these subjects, integrating the resources and advantages of them and realizing the coordination of their respective rights, obligations and interests, have become the most critical issues to realize the revitalization of rural industries.

This study selected 18 rural revitalization model villages of Shanghai. Through on-site investigation and interviews with relevant subjects, it concluded that:

(1) The essential process logic of multi-subject joint participation in rural industrial development is to increase the value of rural land, buildings, facilities and equipment, intangible assets and other assets by introducing elements, achieve industrial introduction, upgrading or scale expansion, and carry out operations, thus generating cash flow and reasonable distribution.

(2) There are three typical governance models: The single-subject dominant mode (such as town and/or village collective investment and construction and establishment of a platform for operators to operate, enterprises investment and construction and establishment of a platform for operators to operate, professional enterprises investment and construction and operation of the whole village, district and/or town government regional overall investment and construction and operation, villagers' independent investment and construction and operation). Multi-subject cooperation mode (such as multi-village cooperation, village-enterprise cooperation). Intervention (such as social organization intervention in village industrial development, village collective investment in urban high quality assets).

(3) The establishment of multi-subject joint governance system, whole process supervision mechanism and normal communication mechanism is an effective way to achieve the coordination of co-governance.

(4) In order to realize the revitalization of rural industry, it is necessary to combine the location, resource conditions of the village and the characteristic of each subject to choose, integrate and continue to innovate the governance model.

(5) In particular, for most villages, village collectives and villagers are in a relatively weak position in the co-governance pattern. In the open co-governance pattern, great attention should be paid to the protection of the interests of village collectives and villagers. The village collective governance ability, villagers' self-organization ability, endogenous development motivation and ability should be continuously enhanced.

Author Biographies

  • Yanxia Mu, TongJi University

    rural planning and construction

  • Feng Luan, Tongji University

    rural planning and construction, urban economy and industrial layout

  • Jiahui Fan, Tongji University, EPFL

    rural planning and construction


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