Navigating complexity: Exploring land planning and management challenges in Morocco



land governance, planning processes, urban policy




This paper explores the complexities of land management in Morocco, focusing on the shortcomings of its land tenure system and the difficulties arising from planning techniques. It examines legal, institutional, and operational frameworks, revealing how inadequate consideration of land characteristics during planning leads to significant implementation constraints. This paper delves into the legal and governance shortcomings, the programming of land across various planning levels - national sectoral, strategic territorial, and urban - and the financial and legislative challenges affecting land mobilisation. It assesses the current urban policy to underscore the gaps in land resource optimisation. Finally, this paper identifies sustainable land use practices and proposes strategies to revitalise land management in Morocco, drawing from international standards to suggest improvements.

Author Biography

  • Sara Benkirane, Mediations Laboratory, Sorbonne University (Paris, France)

    Sara Benkirane is a Moroccan architect and urban planner with experience in public territorial development from 2017 to 2024. She is currently pursuing a doctorate at Sorbonne University, where her research focuses on the impact of the Covid-19 crisis on the attractiveness of metropolitan areas.


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